Military Swords of
Imperial Japan (Guntō)
Guntō metal parts
Koberi: "Border portion" of the
end of metal fittings.
Ukibori: Relief pattern.
The relief pattern of metal fittings is two kinds, the "cherry
blossoms" which designed the
flower of five valves, and the "cherry-blossoms leaf" which
designed "the flower and leaf" of the cherry tree
together. (Type 94, 98 and Tachi). Type 3 Gunto is "cherry
blossoms" and a "leaf. In a Type 94, Type 98, Type
3, and a Tachi, a pattern is different.
Nanakoji: Ground metal which
carried out concavo-convex processing of the metal-fittings surface at
the shape of a roe
(Type 94, 98 and Tachi ). Type 3 is satin finish.
Mounting metal parts and engraving
Army Type 94 and 98
Navy Type Tachi Guntō
Army Type 3 Guntō
The army took in the teachings of the Type 98 Guntō in a
battlefield, and enacted the "wartime Guntō" which thought solidity and
practicality as important in 1943.
Japanese military hard-fight serves as the backdrop, and the army
needed to attain saving of goods and simplification of production.
The quality of the material of the metal parts was changed into
iron, and black paint was hung.
Dustproof halving throat
Dustproof halving throat (Kuchi-gane)
of a metal parts
Type 94 and 98
Metal fittings: (pommel,
ferrule, throat, suspension mount, semegane, chape )
The quality of the material is copper or brass. Therefore,
quality and a shape differs at a production
company and manufacture time.
First-stage type: They are cast
metal fittings of the thickness by a
quality metallic mold. There is also a
protection-against-dust 2 division.
Middle type: Which began shift from
the necessity for mass production
to the cast metal fittings of closing
Second-half type: It becomes the
press metal fittings which pierced the
brass thin board from the shortage
of goods. It equips with a simple Suspension mount and the
leather cover wooden
scabbard which also
omitted the metal fittings of other scabbard appears.
Guard: The guard of openwork are a
first stage type and an object for
general. The product made from a brass
Compared with a guard without openwork, it is profound and splendid.
The Guard without openwork: The product made from a brass which
appeared from the middle.
Quality and a shape
change with a production company and time.
Metal fittings: The
quality of the material is copper or iron.
Guard: A iron product
made from a casting. Therefore,
metal fittings differ in a shape delicately in a
Metal fittings (pommel,
ferrule, throat, the first - the second suspension mount, semegane,
The product made from a brass casting. Compared with an army, there was
few work absolutely, and the
production company was also restricted. Therefore, except for a
landing force or
the great war last
quality and the gap of a shape like an army Guntō are not.
Guard: Product made from a brass
Knot loop: Round string
make is a standard. Product made from a brass casting. There are an
excellent quality and an article of average quality processing
method of an attachment.
A shape and a pattern are of
infinite variety. As for Type 3 Guntō's normalized form, a Knot loop is
The product made from a round bar:
The quality of the material is iron or a brass.
Grace is inferior. Informality - a second-half type were equipped.
Metal ornaments (Menuki)
The product made from a press of a brass thin
board: The cherry blossoms connected three are the objects
for army Gunto.
Three cherry blossoms in a round enclosure are the objects for naval
A size, thickness, and a cherry tree
pattern change with production companies
Type 98: As for the quality and thickness of metal fittings, the
existence the screw stop of a "throat" and "chape"
becomes one judgment material. Thickness metal fittings are the
products made from a casting, and are minus
product made from a closing-in casting and a brass thin board press
press fit and paste up.
Type 3: Although a shape and a pattern change with metal-fittings
production companies, metal-fittings quality does
not have a fall like Type 98 Guntō. However, a last stage type is
The point which identifies quality
The following identifying point expresses a quality metal parts.
String knot loop A large rayskin
Metal knot loop
High rank Average Informality
Early openwork guard Middle
type Middle type last stage
type Type 3 Navy type Tachi
As for the military swords of the early, the regular round string
knot loop is attached.
Therefore, the quality of a metal parts is good.
The thing using the high-class knot loop which has the
above-mentioned section also by a metal knot loop is also the same.
If the large high-class rayskin is used for the hilt , the
military swords will use the good metal parts.
About a guard
Four sorts of lefts are 94 and the Type 98 Gunto guard. Quality
fell to the right from the left.
Other metal-parts quality is proportional to the quality of a guard
The guard of army Type 3 Gunto and a navy does not almost have a
difference of quality.
Coating coller of a metal
Type 94 and 98
Formality regulation: It is copper plating
Therefore, a color tone is
different in a production company. A second-half type has much light
red and light-
A Koberi, the edge of the bud of a Suspension mount and a double
flowering cherry tree flower are the golden
coating by an amalgam process.
There are some which applied gold by an amalgam process to the
"cherry-blossoms leaf" like
Guard Tsuba of openwork: A
standard is golden coating. However, there is much dyeing by medicine
brown - dark reddish-brown.
Special order: There is also
a thing of a black stain.
No openwork guard: Seto
plating. Seto plating is lusterless gold. However, the perimeter and
cherry blossoms of
a guard are liquid gold finish by Hera.Two kinds of such golden finish
is called Seto plating.
The guard of the last stage
is still brass foundation.
In addition, there are
several kinds of things which carried out special order color finish.
Large washers: Red - reddish
brown paint, or color dyeing. The last stage also has brass foundation.
Metal fittings and guard: Black paint. Last stage metal fittings
also have no painting by brass press metal
Metal fittings: Seto plating or gilding.
Guard: Blue black dyeing or
alloy-of-copper-and-gold plating (blue black).
Standard: Rising-sun encaustic ellipse type:
Special order: There are some which made two colors of gold and brown
to the rising sun.
In addition, there is also a
Large washers pierced to the pattern of the rising sun.
Kikuza: Blue black dyeing, paint or alloy-of-copper-and-gold
plating. There is also brown paint.
Kokizami: Silver plating.
Type 94, 98 and Tachi: Golden coating of an amalgam process or gilding.
Type 3: Black paint.
The product made from a
casting: Golden coating of an amalgam process or gilding.
There is also a thing of
copper or brass foundation in a round bar article.
An article of excellent
quality and some articles of average quality
plating Reddish brown
dyeing Seto plating
Alloy-of-copper-and-gold plating 2 various
It is a golden metal parts altogether. The Type 3
Gunto metal parts is black paint.
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