The old Guntō 0

Commissioned officers Kyū-Guntō

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  The naval Kyū-Guntō, and the sword belt used for an admiral's full dress.

Imperial Japan's army and navy received instruction of the France army and Royal Navy at the time of foundation of national army. Therefore, all the military swords for an officer, a noncommissioned officer, and a private were Western sword mounting (saber). The navy is enacting the saber mounting frequently from 1870 to 1914. However, unlike the iron scabbard of an army sword, a scabbard is a black leather or yskin binding wooden scabbard, and a suspension mount and a
chape are splendid shapes. However, the marine corps was the iron scabbard same till 1876 as an army.
 The blade of the government supply saber for a noncommissioned officer and a private was a machine-made blade with the
swod-tang which used Western iron (a saber metal or sword steel of a military-rules rank), and was united with the
shape of the hilt of an one hand grip.
 However, the officer's tendency which chooses a traditional Japanese sword was strong.
 For that purpose, the shape of the sword-tang of a Japanese sword needed to be processed impossible. On the other hand, the hilt of the one hand grip of the Western sword form for stabbing did not adapt itself to Japanese traditional cutting usage except for the department of a cavalry trooper.
 The saber mounting of the both-hands grip appeared in order to solve these problems.
 In 1932, the army improved the hilt of a noncommissioned officer's Type 32 saber in Japanese sword form (Type 32 advanced type). Furthermore, the army adopted the new military swords for an officer in 1934. It was late for the army for three years, and the navy adopted the new military swords for an officer in 1937. As for the old saber, a very variegated variation exists by the difference of a hand-guard, the backstrap of a hilt, the number of suspension mounts, a convex engraving pattern, a coating color, and etc. until a new military swords is adopted.
 Armies and naval officers did not necessarily change all into a new mounting, after a new military swords was enacted.
 The officer of the age which carried out the carrying of the Kyū-Guntō from the former, and the young officer who inherited the Kyū-Guntō continued using these Guntōes to the end of the war. There are many such examples. 

Earl, Full general Maresuke Nogi

 General Nogi commanded the Lushun capture as the third team commander in the Russo-Japanese War.
 Many Japanese soldiers were killed in the severe battle of 203 high grounds. In spite of it, General Nogi dealt with enemy General Stessel like a gentleman at the Suishiei interview. This act of his became known widely in the whole
world as "Bushidō."
 He was excellent in the talent of Chinese poetry, and led simple life by honest character covering the whole life.
 Night of September 13, 1912, he killed himself on the death of his master with Mrs. Shizuko according to Emperor Meiji's death. He had his death and showed the loyalty to the Emperor. This is the zenith of loyalty. This martyrdom gave a great shock to in and outside the country, and was admired as a type of "loyalty." General Nogi was a members of the armed forces representing Meiji.
 General Nogi's death marked the end of the time of Meiji where the tradition of old good Japan had breathed.
 This photograph is General Nogi of the director time of Gakusyūin.


The table of contents of the Kyū Guntō

  Army Kanesda & Mumei  Army Nagamichi & Sukesada mounting   Navy Mumei  Adomiral Tōgō's Yoshifusa

                         January 8, 2014 無料カウンター
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Type 32 Guntō   Table of contents   Army saber Kanesada