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The presentation sword from Japan to Finland

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The Kōa Issin blade presented to two Generals of Finland

            Mei: Kōa Issiin Mantetsu Kore o Tsukuru
            Uramei: Spring. 1940
            Manufacture number: Ri  108
            Present to General Paavo Juho Talvela
            Mei: Kōa Issiin Mantetsu Kore o Tsukuru
            Uramei: Spring. 1940
            Manufacture number: Ri  110
            Present to General Wiljo Einar Tuompo.

It is a mystery that manufacture No.109 are vacant. One more may have been presented to the General of Finland.
This blade was presented to two generals from Japan with the Type 98 Guntō mounting.

Relation between Finland and Japan 

 The relation between Finland and Japan goes back to the Russo-Japanese War.  Colonel Motojirō Akashi, the great person
who was the Sweden military attache, encountered the revolutionists who risked their life on independence of Finland.
 At this time, Finland was a part of Russian Empire as a grand duchy with autonomy. In order for the Nikolay II to come, and for oppression to become strong and to resist this, the underground organization of independence movement was formed.
 It was a threat with big Russia also for Japan. They put the grand plan of "Shaking Russian Empire from back and
making it defeated by the Russo-Japanese War" into execution. Japan gave the large sum to the independence movement underground organization, and also supplied arms and ammunition. The Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) in which small country
Japan of Asia smashed major nation Russia became an opportunity, and gave people of Finland a great independent hope.
 Czarist Russia collapsed on March 4, 1917.  
 The propertied class (white military) who aims at independence from Russia, and the working class (Reds) who sympathizes with the Russia communist revolution group were opposed to each other. However, Finland became independent
for the common purpose of being independent of Russia on December 6, 1917. 
 However, since the Red Army held southern part areas, such as Helsinki, in 1918, both parties rush into a frightful
civil war.
 The government appointed hero Mannerheim as the commander and Germany and Sweden also saw off the volunteer army.
 And the white military won by the decisive battle of Tampere. This is called "an open war" (1917-1918).
 The white military dispatched troops to the Kareliya area.
 The republican group won a great victory in the general election of Finland, and Finland shifted to republicanism.

 The Soviet Union began to threaten Finland again after peace for a while. Finland stood on the same side as German
Italy and Japan in order to stop invasion of the Soviet Union from the position of the principle from anticommunist.
 Finland repulsed splendidly the Soviet Union military of the overwhelming amount of resources in the first war (Winter
War = for 100 days) on November 30, 1939 under World War II.
 Finland developed the defense war also with the brave second war (continuation war) which started with the attack on
the Soviet Union on June 25, 1941.
 Finland also became a defeated nation by defeat of  Germany.
 Finland lost the Kareliya area, undertook a large amount of compensation, and followed the postwar period of distress.

In the fort with which the Finland independence movement persons stood and it was filled, the gun with which a stamp
of a "Great Japan Empire" is is existing. 
 In Finland, Colonel Motojiro Akashi and Bushido are still handed down from generation to generation. 


He visits Japan and it is a presentation sword to two Finland officers

The night with a midnight sun of Finland
    Colonel Auno Kaila      Captain Lauri Laine

          Table. One Japanese sword. March 30, 1941.
          Kantōgun Army Commander Yoshijirō Umezu.

  Mei: Presentation to Colonel Kaila from Colonel Kanagawa
  Uramei: December 8, Japanese empire era 2602 (the
            Christian era1942) Akitomo Saku
  Present to Colonel Auno Kaila
   Mei: Kōa Issiin Mantetsu Kōre o Tsukuru
   Uramei: Spring. 1940
   Manufacture number:  O or Nu  433
   Present to Captain Lauri Laine.

Two Finland officers who visited Japan

 Finland and Japan which stand face to face against the Soviet Union which is a threat common to both countries were
building the close relation. The Finland military which fought with the Soviet Union by "Winter War" a little earlier than Japan made a decision to tell a Japanese military, especially the Kantogun the experience. Marshal Mannerheim
(Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim) ordered Colonel Kaila and Captain Laine. It was an important duty.
 Two persons did d start of from the port town Liinahamari in Norway early in October, 1940 (Showa 15).
 They called at a sea route and Venezuela via West India, and arrived in New York. They moved to Los Angeles further along the overland route, and arrived in Yokohama by the Japanese passenger liner in November.
 The trip of under a European war and them was long.
 Captain Laine used the warplane of Japan and he inspected very energetically Taiwan, Hong Kong, Kuangtung, Hainan Dao, Saigon, Bangkok, a sinker pole, Sumatra, Jakarta, Manila, etc. Many photographs which he took are then collected by the national cultural property committee. Two officers of Finland stayed at the Manchuria country during winter in early 1943 from 1942 ends of the year. And they advised the Kantogun and exchanged the close information about the Soviet Union military mutually.
 Presentation of a Gunto was also the proof of the close relation of both countries. They were going to return to the homeland in one year. However, since Japan rushed into Greater East Asia War, the opportunity was lost. A plan to
return to Japan by the U-boat of Germany of a call schedule also suffered a setback. By defeat of Germany, Finland signed the cease-fire agreement in Moscow on September 19, 1944. They stopped at Japan till March, 1945, and went back to homeland Finland on the Siberia crossing railroad. These printing historical records are in it.
 Type 98 Gunto is still carefully kept in two officers' family. Being forgotten away in Japan has still breathed with a Northern European background. They did not presuppose that he will never  forget history.


Two kinds of presentation swords to Colonel Auno Kaila

Two Kantogun officers and Colonel Auno Kaila ( Photography in Manchuria )
by the National Board of Antiquities in Helsinki

The Type 98 Gunto presented to Colonel Kaila by the Kantogun together with the Captain Line.

The big Washers is not reflected although the small Washers has all gathered.
It seems a failure of a cameraman to photograph.

Mei: Koa-Isshin,Mantatsu Koreo-Tsukuru
Uramei: Showa Kanoe-Tatsu Aki =1940 autumn
Serial No. Ru 16

Mei: Presentation to Colonel Kaila     from Colonel Kanagawa
Uramei: December 8, Japanese empire
     era 2602 (1942)Akitomo Saku
Given as present to Colonel Auno Kaila

 ← The tassel for General

As for this printing photograph, the grandchild (chairman of the Finland Japan friendship association)
of Colonel Kaila was photoed at the request of Mr.Ronnqvist.

Photograph offer: Mr.Ronny Ronnqvist(The chairman of a "Finland-Nihon Bunka Tomo no Kai".

The table of contents of the presentation sword to Finland        

         Presentation swords to two Finland officers    Presentation sword to Marshal Mannerheim

                         January 8, 2014 無料カウンター 
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