Military Swords of
Imperial Japan (Guntō)
The name of each part of a Guntō
The prototype of a new Guntō
The new Guntō of the army and the navy made the model the Hyōgo
Tachi and the Tachi of the Kamakura period.
Hyōgo Kusari Tachi Koshirae: About 900 years before
The name of each part of a Guntō
Fuchi Tsuba Kuchigane Haikan ※1 Semegane Ishizuki
(Ray skin) (Washers)※ (Tassel)
scabbard enter into a metaled scabbard.
(Metal ornaments) (Peg)
※1 Army Type
94 & naval
Tachi has two Haikan ※2
"inner scabbard" of the magnolia is inserted in iron or
aluminum scabbard.Type 98 Guntō "informality mounting " has
covered wooden scabbard by leather. And it equips
with an informal suspension mount and Semegane, a throat, and a
chape are nothing.Type 3 Guntō omits a knot
loop and Seme-gane.
Type 98 and Type
Mekugi Peg-hole Fuchi
Kyōgi Chusō (Clip)
The rayskin of the hilt of a navy sword applies black Japanese lacquer.
A hilt pastes together the magnolia of two sheets which carved
the shape of the swod-tang with boiled rice paste.
The rayskin(Same-gawa) is wound around the whole hilt for
reinforcement the Tsuka-ito, and the hilt , and the skid of grip hand.
By informality and second-half type mounting, the rayskin is stuck only
on the side of the hilt.
Rayskin: A grain is
large and a thing with parents' grain is an article of excellent
quality. The rayskin of an army
sword is still cloth. The rayskin of a navy sword applies
black Japanese lacquer.
layer-like tree. It sticks for the upper and lower sides of a hilt and
a Tsuka-ito winding, and
beginning. The standard of assignment is inscribed when
rolling a Tsuka-ito.
Peg: Bamboo goods.
It inserts, after uniting the peg-hole of a tang, and the peg-hole of a
hilt, and a blade and a
hilt are fixed.
Navy: Morohinerimaki or Hiramaki
Type 94,98: Morohinerimaki is a standard
Type Tachi: There is much Hiramaki
Type 98: Ikkanmaki is rare
Type 3: Ikkanmaki is a standard
The grace of a Guntō mounting is decided by the kind and number
of sheets of a washers.
Furthermore, an army sword has grace in the guard of a openwork.
The first-class mounting(Koshirae) has four-kind the washers of
eight sheets. The kind and number of sheets of a washers are omitted by
the Koshirae manufactured in the second-the third grade and middle-last
stage at the wartime.
for Armies for Navies
| Right and left of the upper
← Mallow-shaped big washers
Rising sun big washers →
Three-sort smallness washers.
Right and left from a center:
Kikuza, Tateshino, Ko-kizami
Center of the upper row: Tsuba upper row: right
and left: Big washers(Dai-seppa)
Lower berth: Three sorts of small
Right and left from a center: Kiku-kizami
(Kikuza), Tate-kizami (Tateshino) and Ko-kizami
Three sorts of small washers (Seppa)
From a top: Ko-kizami, Tateshino and Kikuza
The common number of the reverse side of a washers (Example 2737)
name of a blade
length) (max curve)
Yakiba Yokote Kissaki
(Tang end) (Peg hole) (Lower blade
(Edge) (Tenpered line) (Tenpered
(collar) (Back edge)
(Upper blade surface)
There are two kinds of swords, a "sword" and a "Tachi." It is a
"Tachi-Mei" although the swordsmith Mei is minced to the front with the
photograph. It is called "Mei" to have cut fine reversely of this
Therefore, the blade which has minced the "Mei" is a
"sword=Katana " and the blade which has minced the "Tachi-Mei" is
The manufacture time etc. by the side of opposite of a Mei is
called a "Ura(back) Mei."
A Tachi and a
The form of the old sword from the Heian period to the Muromachi
period. The Tachi turned the edge downward and
hung it at a level with a hip girdle with the belt picking
It is easy to draw a Tachi on horseriding. Once it draw a sword,
it becomes two steps of operation of cutting
to an enemy.
It shifted to the Muromachi period and an on foot game, and the edge
was turned up, and it put to the hip
girdle, and became one step of
operation which cut while drawing an enemy. The name of "Uchigatana"
by the method of this operation. All
the swords of the Edo period are Uchigatana-mountings.
Uchigatana-mounting is aslant put between the waist-belt, a blade is
short compared with a Tachi.
Blade length is a short sword of 60cm or less. The townspeople were
able to carry the Wakizashi at the Edo
The display of a Japanese sword has formal manners.
How to place the photograph published upwards is formal.
The side which is visible to the front, respectively is the
surface of "a Tachi and a Katana.
November 26, 2013
To the top of a page ▲